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How the West Was Sung: Music in the Westerns of John Ford
A child prodigy, he was a concert pianist by the age of six. He studied in Brussels and Amsterdam. He was an accompanist for singers and a repetiteur at the Netherlands Opera in Amsterdam. In he became a assistant conductor of this company and by he was the principal conductor.
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After the tour he stayed in the USA and eventually became an American citizen. Paramount was cutting costs. Otherwise we would have been in Monument Valley or Brackettville and we would have had color stock.
How the West Was Sung (review)
Ford had to accept those terms or not make the film. Another condition imposed by the studio, according to Van Cleef, was that Wayne be cast as Doniphon. Ford resented the studio's intrusion and retaliated by taunting Wayne relentlessly throughout the filming. Wayne's football career at USC had been curtailed by injuries. He also ridiculed Wayne for failing to enlist during World War II , during which Ford filmed a series of widely praised combat documentaries for the Office of Strategic Services and was wounded at the Battle of Midway ,  and Stewart served with distinction as a bomber pilot and commanded a bomber group.
Wayne's avoidance of wartime service was a major source of guilt for him in his later years. Stewart related that midway through filming, Wayne asked him why he, Stewart, never seemed to be the target of Ford's venomous remarks. Other cast- and crew-members also noticed Stewart's apparent immunity from Ford's abuse. Then, toward the end of filming, Ford asked Stewart what he thought of Strode's costume for the film's beginning and end, when the actors were playing their parts 25 years older.
Stewart replied, "It looks a bit Uncle Remussy to me. Now, I don't know if Mr. Stewart has a prejudice against Negroes, but I just wanted you all to know about it. I'm glad you made it. Ford's behavior " When the horses did stop, Wayne tried to pick a fight with the younger and fitter Strode.
Ford called out, "Don't hit him, Woody, we need him. We both gotta be professionals. Stewart received top billing over Wayne on promotional posters, but in the film itself Wayne's screen card appears first. The studio also specified that Wayne's name appear before Stewart's on theatre marquees, reportedly at Ford's request.
The film's music score was composed by Cyril J. He told Bogdanovich that he used the theme in both films to evoke repressed desire and lost love.
Though based upon the movie's plotline, it was not used in the film. Pitney said in an interview that he was in the studio about to record the song when " Bacharach informed us that the film just came out. Members of the Western Writers of America chose it as one of the top Western songs of all time. Liberty Valance was released in April , and achieved both financial and critical success. Edith Head 's costumes were nominated for an Academy Award for Best Costume Design black-and-white , one of the few Westerns ever nominated in that category.
Contemporary reviews were generally positive, although a number of critics thought the final act was a letdown. Variety called the film "entertaining and emotionally involving," but thought if the film had ended 20 minutes earlier, "it would have been a taut, cumulative study of the irony of heroic destiny," instead of concluding with "condescending, melodramatic, anticlimactic strokes. What should have been left to enthrall the imagination is spelled out until there is nothing left to savor or discuss.
The Monthly Film Bulletin agreed, lamenting that the "final anticlimactic 20 minutes Ford, who has struck more gold in the West than any other film-maker, also has mined a rich vein here," but opined that the film "bogs down" once Stoddard becomes famous, en route to "an obvious, overlong, and garrulous anticlimax.
Richard L. Coe of The Washington Post called the film "a leisurely yarn boasting fine performances," but was bothered by "the incredulous fact that the lively townsfolk of Shinbone didn't polish off Valence [sic] for themselves. On TV he would have been dispatched by the second commercial and the villainy would have passed to some shadowy employer, some ruthless rancher who didn't want statehood.
Scott of the Los Angeles Times wrote, "Director Ford is guilty of a few lengthy, slow periods in his story-telling, but for the most part the old, reliable Ford touches are there. Ford's best work. More recent assessments have been more uniformly positive. The film is considered one of Ford's best,  and in one poll, ranked with The Searchers and The Shootist as one of Wayne's best Westerns.
The New Yorker ' s Richard Brody described it as "the greatest American political movie", because of its depictions of a free press, town meetings, statehood debates, and the "civilizing influence" of education in frontier America. The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:.
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How the West Was Sung: Music in the Westerns of John Ford | Screen | Oxford Academic
Willis Goldbeck John Ford. James Warner Bellah Willis Goldbeck. Paramount Pictures. Simon as Handy Strong O. See Berger Los Angeles Times : Calendar, p. April 15, The Numbers. Retrieved June 13, May 21, Parallax View. Retrieved September 10, John Ford: War Movies". Retrieved December 1, John Wayne. History of Western Movies. Western Filming Locations, Book 1. CP Entertainment Books. The New York Times. American Cowboy.
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Archived from the original on 10 August Retrieved September 15, Variety : 6.